Hericium (Hericium Erinaceus), also known as the "lion mane" or Pom-Pom mushroom - mushroom without stalk and cap that are characteristic of normal mushrooms. It looks like snow, covered with white icicles. It grows rapidly in sawdust substrate, propagates at any temperature. Chefs love this fungus for its wonderful aroma and taste, which recalls the shrimp.
Hericium is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat stomach disorders and for digestive tract cancer prevention.
The fungus increases the body's immune forces, regulates the nervous system, and improves the respiratory system.
After studies of Hericium nutritional value, there was a high concentration of minerals found: potasium - 254mg/100g of (f/m); sodium - 8.04mg/100g (f/m); calcium 6.70mg/100g (f/m). 19 free amino acids (except methionine and tryptophan), i.e. irreplaceable amino acids were found. The total concentration of amino acids is 15.9%. This is a great indicator. There were 32 aromatic substances isolated from this fungus, and it is much more than from Shiitake fungus.
Undoubtedly there is a great concentration of immunomodulating polysaccharides in Hericium. It is very important in the treatment of newly arising tumors. The central role in this area is played by beta-glucan - polysaccharides that are found only in mushrooms. Their mechanism of action is multifaceted, but it can be summarized that they activate a specific cellular immunity. Glucans extracted from the mushrooms mobilize the immune system in different ways - activate production of interferon's and interleukins, macrophages and T-lymphocytes, inhibit tumor cell formation and proliferation in various developmental stages, slow down the inflammation of skin and mucous membrane, protect the liver. They function effectively in the treatment of various diseases associated with weak immunity: allergies, AIDS, candida, flu, rheumatism and others. They are characterized by anti-inflammatory effects, may be used to strengthen the immune system for a long time.
Source of the above information: Recent Achievements of Ancient Medicine by Prof. Dr. Arkadijus Gamperis,
Medical Doctor and Professor of Oriental Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania - ISBN 978-609-95273-3-8